Do All Things Wholly Depend upon the Triune God for their Existence? The fifth tenet of a sound biblical epistemology is that all things wholly depend upon the Triune God for their entire existence (See previous posts on Biblical Epistemology at http://nct-blog.ptsco.org/category/biblical-epistemology-series/). This declaration naturally and logically flows from the third tenet – namely, that God created all things. How so? If God created all things, then all things must be finite. This fact is readily demonstrable with respect to time. Since all things (except God – cf. Ps. 90:2-4; Isa. 40:28), had a beginning, it stands to reason that all things (except God) are finite with respect to time. This dictum is also true with respect to power, knowledge, space, life, etc. Since Yahweh (i.e. ‘HE IS’) alone is infinite (cf. 1 Kings 8:27; Job 11:7-9; Acts 17:25; Ps. 113:5; Isa. 44:6), He alone is ontologically infinite, that is to say, self-existent (John 5:26; Exod. 3:14-15; Acts 17:24-25). In contrast, if all things (except God) are finite, all things are ontologically finite, that is to say, finite with regard to their existence. In other words, all things do not have life in and of themselves (i.e. self-existence). All things depend upon God for their existence.
God’s Word unmistakably teaches that all things wholly depend upon God for their entire existence. Colossians 1:17 declares that Christ is “before all things, and by him all things consist [or ‘hold together’]” [brackets & emphasis mine]. Similarly, Hebrews 1:1-3 teaches:
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 3Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high [emphasis mine].
Further still, the Apostle Paul in 1 Corinthians 8:6 states, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we [exist] by him” [brackets & emphasis mine]. One final example is Acts 17:24-25, “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; 25Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he needed anything, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things” [emphasis mine]. Surely, the Triune God sustains the existence of everything.
Tenet 5: All things wholly depend upon the Triune God for their entire existence.