Does the Triune God work all things according to His Will? The fourth tenet of a biblical epistemology is that the Triune God works all things according to His Will as the Omniscient, Absolute Sovereign (See previous posts on Biblical Epistemology at http://nct-blog.ptsco.org/category/biblical-epistemology-series/). God’s Word is painstakingly clear on this point. Ephesians 1:11 teaches that God “worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.” The Psalmist proclaims, “Our God is in the heavens: he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased” (Ps. 115:3). Moreover, Yahweh declares through the prophet Isaiah: “I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things” (Isa. 45:7). Even still, Proverbs 16:4 states, “The LORD hath made all things for Himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.” The Scriptures teach that God is the Absolute Sovereign over kings and rulers (Prov. 21:1; Dan. 4:32), human government (Rom. 13:1), all inhabitants of the earth (Dan. 4:35), angels (Heb. 1:4-6; Job 4:18; Ps. 91:11; Rev. 12:7-9; Heb. 2:14), the evil purposes of fallen man (Acts 4:27; Gen. 50:19-20; Rom. 8:28), the forces of nature (Num. 16:30-32; Exod. 14:21; Mark. 4:39), all animal life (2 Kings 17:25; Exod. 8:6,17), all aspects of everyday life (James 4:13; Matt. 6:25-32), even death (Acts 2:22-24; Rev. 1:18; 2 Tim. 1:10). What’s more, the Sovereign God answers to no one. No one can rightfully scrutinize His workings or stand in judgment of them (Rom. 9:20-23; Dan. 4:35). “But the LORD is in his holy temple: let all the earth keep silence before him” (Hab. 2:20).
God is omniscient – that is to say, all-knowing. 1 Samuel 2:3 refers to Yahweh as “a God of knowledge.” The Psalmist declares that God’s “understanding is infinite” (Ps. 147:5), while Elihu affirms that God is “perfect in knowledge” (Job 37:16). God alone possesses perfect knowledge. He knows all things that have happened, that are happening, that will happen, that may happen (Matt. 11:21-23), and that could have happened (1 Sam. 23:10-13). Additionally, the Apostle John instructs us that God “knoweth all things” (1 John 3:20; cf. Matt. 6:8; Heb. 4:13). God’s knowledge is predicated upon His divine decree and ordination of all things. In other words, His knowledge depends on nothing outside of Himself, as Isaiah 46:9-10 states: “Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, 10Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure.’” Simply put, the Triune God knows all things because He orders/ordains all things. He is the Omniscient, Absolute Sovereign.
Tenet 4: The Triune God works all things according to His Will as the Omniscient, Absolute Sovereign.